The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government in 1917 during the First Balfour Declaration. 62 VIEWS. Read. Edit. View History. Balfour Declaration. Background While Britain is generally held responsible for the Balfour Declaration, it is important to note that the statement would not have been made without prior approval from the other Allied powers during World War I. The abbreviation for Balfour Declaration is BD. All Acronyms. BD - Balfour Declaration. 9 November 2019 In fact, the story of the Balfour Declaration began 20 years earlier. In 1897, the Zionist movement held its inaugural congress in Basel, Switzerland, with the aim of establishing a Jewish state. The common nationalist thinking in those days was that every people needed a homeland. Since the Zionists considered Jews a people without a homeland, a homeland had to be found. And the most logical place for it, according to the Zionists, was Palestine. The Balfour Declaration (dated November 2, 1917) was a formal public manifestation of the British government during the First World War, to announce its support for the establishment of a national..
Explain why the Balfour Declaration was enshrined in 1920 in the League of Nations mandate for Palestine at San Remo, Italy? Colonial history, unbalanced political and military powers between the.. The Zionists’ cause seemed largely futile, until Britain declared war on the Ottoman Empire on 5 November 1914. By that time, the Zionist movement had attracted supporters and sympathizers in Europe and the United States, and it began to focus its efforts on the British. In December 1914, Herbert Samuel, then president of the United Kingdom’s Local Government Board, later the first High Commissioner in Palestine and a known Zionist sympathizer, wrote a memorandum for Prime Minister Herbert Asquith on the subject of a Jewish state in Palestine. In it, Samuel acknowledged that:
France was also involved and announced its support prior to the issuing of the Balfour Declaration. Balfour Declaration of 1917unknown. A letter written by the British Foreign Office stating that the contemporary Palestine would become the new home for Jews The contradiction between the letter of the Covenant is even more flagrant in the case of the independent nation of Palestine than in that of the independent nation of Syria. For in Palestine we do not propose even to go through the form of consulting the wishes of the present inhabitants of the country, though the American Commission has been going through the forms of asking what they are. The four great powers are committed to Zionism and Zionism, be it right or wrong, good or bad, is rooted in age-long tradition, in present needs, in future hopes, of far profounder importance than the desire and prejudices of the 700,000 Arabs who now inhabit that ancient land. In my opinion, that is right. Balfour Declaration on WN Network delivers the latest Videos and Editable pages for News & Events, including Entertainment, Music, Sports, Science and more, Sign up and share your playlists
The Balfour Declaration determined British policy under the League of Nations' Mandate, which ultimately facilitated the ethnic cleansing of Palestine. One-hundred years ago today, the.. BALFOUR DECLARATION , official statement which Arthur James *Balfour, the British foreign secretary, addressed to Lionel Walter Rothschild (2nd Baron Rothschild) on November, 2, 1917 . Seeds Of War - WW1 (BBC Timewatch). The Search for Truth in Wartime (John Pilger) The Balfour Declaration And its Consequences. Avi Shlaim. in Wm. My aim therefore is to take a fresh look at the Balfour Declaration in the light of recent scholarship
The Balfour Declaration is just 67 words - one very long sentence on a small piece of paper issued on November 2nd 1917. But the effects of that sentence are still felt to this day across the Middle East A new event in Bethlehem by British street artist Banksy made a pointed statement about the creation of Israel
More importantly, the British allowed the Jews to establish self-governing institutions, such as the Jewish Agency, to prepare themselves for a state when it came to it, while the Palestinians were forbidden from doing so - paving the way for the 1948 ethnic cleansing of Palestine. , made on 2 November 1917, is taught in their respective history classes and forms a key chapter in their two very different, national narratives Balfour Declaration. Written by British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour, this letter to Lord Rothschild endorsed the British government's establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine..
i should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the zionist federation. birinci dunya savasi doneminin ingiltere disisleri bakani lord arthur balfour tarafindan dunya siyonist.. The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast. declaration [ˌdekləˈreɪʃən]Существительное. declaration / declarations Among the British ruling class in the early twentieth century there were many committed Zionists such as Winston Churchill, Lloyd George (Prime Minster), Arthur Balfour (Prime Minister, Foreign Secretary) and Sir Edward Grey (Foreign Secretary) to name but a few. They mostly believed in Zionism for religious or humanitarian reasons. Balfour himself believed that a national homeland was not a gift to the Jewish people but an act of restitution, giving Jews back something that had been stolen from them in the early days of the Christian era. When Chaim Weizmann came to Britain to promote the idea of a Jewish homeland he found he was pushing at an open door. Ссылки 4. ERIC BALFOUR (ERICBALFOUR) в Твиттере. twitter.com. Главное меню
© Copyright NoticeClick on link to view the associated photo/image: ©AFP ⁃ JAAFAR ASHTIYEH | ©AFP ⁃ JAAFAR ASHTIYEHThe declaration turned the Zionist aim of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine into a reality when Britain publicly pledged to establish "a national home for the Jewish people" there.
The British government hoped that the declaration would rally Jewish opinion, especially in the United States, to the side of the Allied powers against the Central Powers during World War I (1914–18). They hoped also that the settlement in Palestine of a pro-British Jewish population might help to protect the approaches to the Suez Canal in neighbouring Egypt and thus ensure a vital communication route to British colonial possessions in India. Get all the latest news and updates on Balfour Declaration only on News18.com. Read all news including political news, current affairs and news headlines online on Balfour Declaration today Around the time that Herzl was lobbying for a Jewish homeland in Palestine, growing Arab nationalism had led to a desire for independence from the Ottoman Empire. At the outbreak of WWI, Britain, which was aware of these desires among both the Arabs and Zionists, decided to use the situation to bolster its own colonial interests.
The Balfour Declaration appeared to be in stark contradiction to American President Woodrow Wilson’s ‘Fourteen Points’, a statement of principles for peace which became the blueprint for post-war peace negotiations, and the joint declaration issued by the British and French governments on 8 November 1918, in which they assured the peoples of Syria, Palestine and Mesopotamia that Allied policy was aimed at ‘the setting of national governments and administrations that shall derive their authority from the free exercise of the initiative and choice of the indigenous population’.In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.What life in one neighbourhood says about New Zealand's bold, and seemingly successful, plan to eliminate COVID-19.
Learn Something New Every Day Email Address Sign up There was an error. Please try again. To the Zionists, the Balfour Declaration of 1917 laid the foundation for the formation of the state of Israel. To the Palestinians, however, it was an act of dishonesty and betrayal by Britain The British Foreign Office opposed British support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland because it seriously damaged British interests in the Arab world. The story of who went to Palestine, and how these successive waves of Jewish immigration shaped Jewish life there from 1881-1939.
In 1655, some Jews approached Oliver Cromwell for permission to settle in England. He consulted the lawyers who told him there was no statute preventing them from coming. So they came and were allowed to settle in Britain as full citizens, apart from the usual restrictions that applied to non-Anglicans. They prospered and soon rose to prominent positions in English society. They contributed to the development of industry, commerce, charity, education, medicine, welfare, and horse racing as well as banking and finance. Compared to other European countries England was decidedly philo-semitic. Though the Balfour Declaration included the caveat that "nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine", the British mandate was set up in a way to equip Jews with the tools to establish self-rule, at the expense of the Palestinian Arabs. Balfour Declaration • DECLARATION • Not a treaty • WZO represents only a part of Jews • Jewish people is no political or legal entity. Balfour Declaration • BALFOUR • UK x France compete on..
I feel it my duty to state, and I do so definitely and emphatically, that it was not intended by me in giving this pledge to King Hussein to include Palestine in the area in which Arab independence was promised. I had also every reason to believe at the time that the fact that Palestine was not included in my pledge was well understood by King Hussein. Balfour declaration is a declaration or an official statement issued by British foreign secretary The Declaration was approved by the British cabinet and later conveyed to the Zionist Federation
The Balfour Declaration. His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement.. Міністерство закордонних справ, 2 листопада 1917 року. Шановний лорд Ротшильд, Маю честь передати Вам від імені уряду Його Величності наступну декларацію.. The declaration, however, meant that Palestine would come under British occupation and that the Palestinian Arabs who lived there would not gain independence. Finally, the declaration introduced a notion that was reportedly unprecedented in international law - that of a "national home".
. Yours sincerely, (Signed) Arthur James Balfour Britain did not only welcome Jews, from 1745 she started to speak up for and help Jews abroad. Palmerston, (1784–1865) as foreign secretary, supported the return of Jews to Palestine and several times intervened to protect Jews in foreign countries. Jews also gave considerable aid to England financing William of Orange's invasion of England in 1688 as well as the coalition against Napoleon.
Weizmann's contact with Lloyd George and Balfour continued, even after Lloyd George became prime minister and Balfour was transferred to the Foreign Office in 1916. Additional Zionist leaders such as Nahum Sokolow also pressured Great Britain to support a Jewish homeland in Palestine.The wording of the letter was significant. Arab Palestinians, who made up more than 90 per cent of the population, were categorized as a ‘non-Jewish community’ whose ‘civil and religious’ rights had to be respected. Also notable was the absence of any reference to the Arabs’ national rights or right to self-determination. Menu Close My Jewish Learning My Jewish Learning Search Submit Celebrate Visit Celebrate Jewish Calendar Shabbat Rosh Hashanah Yom Kippur Sukkot Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah Hanukkah Purim Passover Shavuot More Holidays Eat Visit Eat Jewish Recipes Food Videos The Nosher Holiday Food Keeping Kosher Challah Recipes Live Visit Live Birth Bar/Bat Mitzvah Weddings & Marriage Conversion Interfaith Divorce Denominations Health & Wellness Women & Feminism Gender & Sexuality Blogs Español Mourn Visit Mourn End of Life Sitting Shiva Mourner’s Kaddish Mourning Rituals Mourning Timeline Afterlife Grief Email Series Podcast: End of Life Pray Visit Pray Prayer Email Shema Prayer for the Sick Shabbat Prayers High Holidays Holiday Prayers Blessings for Food Traveler’s Prayer Study Daf Yomi Visit Study Weekly Torah Beliefs & Practices Jewish Texts Jewish History Jewish Culture Holocaust Israel Great Jewish Books Quizzes FAQ Blogs Donate Israel History The Balfour Declaration of 1917 A landmark in efforts to secure a Jewish state.When the British decided to terminate their mandate in 1947 and transfer the question of Palestine to the United Nations, the Jews already had an army that was formed out of the armed paramilitary groups trained and created to fight side by side with the British in World War II. The Balfour Declaration is widely seen as the precursor to the 1948 Palestinian Nakba when Zionist armed groups, who were trained by the British, forcibly expelled more than 750,000 Palestinians from their homeland.
Balfour Declaration 1926 Page 5 of 14. The appropriate procedure with regard to projected legislation in one of the self-governing parts of the Empire which may affect the interests of other self-governing.. Balfour Declaration 1926 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. The Balfour Declaration of 1926 Palestine was, at the time, a remote province in the disintegrating Ottoman Empire, with which Britain had been at war since 1914. Yet despite having no claim to the territory, the British made the declaration without consulting its 650,00 inhabitants, made up of about 92 per cent Arabs (Muslim and Christian) and 8 per cent Jews. With World War I raging, many people in Europe had other things on their minds and paid little attention to this particular bit of political manoeuvring.In spite of these agreements, Britain had no intention of giving up conquered territories to the Arabs. During the war, the Allies’ fortunes on the Western Front were not promising, and Britain became concerned about its fate. Two of the country’s most prominent politicians and committed imperialists, Alfred Milner and Leo Amery, devised a solution. In a memorandum to the British government, they proposed occupying as much territory as time permitted in Palestine and Mesopotamia, to offset possible losses in other parts of the British Empire. The memorandum became the keystone of government thinking in the discussions about a British declaration on Zionist aims and in handling the Arab revolt against the Turks, in the delicate negotiations with the French and Americans.
Definition of the Balfour Declaration from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. a letter of 2 November 1917 in which A J Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary, wrote that the British government.. Kuala Lumpur Declaration. ASEAN Structure ‘The time is not yet ripe for the establishment there of an independent, autonomous Jewish state. (….) The dream of a Jewish state, prosperous, progressive and the home of a brilliant civilization, might vanish in a series of squalid conflicts with the Arab population. I am assured that the solution of the problem of Palestine which would be the most welcome to the leaders and supporters of the Zionist movement throughout the world would be the annexation of the country to the British Empire … It is hoped that under British rule facilities would be given to Jewish organizations to purchase land, to found colonies, to establish educational and religious institutions, and to spend usefully the funds that would be freely contributed for promoting the economic development of the country. It is hoped also that Jewish immigration, carefully regulated, would be given preference, so that in the course of time the Jewish people, grown into majority and settled in the land, may be conceded such degree of self-government as the conditions of that day may justify.’ Balfour Declaration To what extent Balfour declaration oppressed palestinians? Why do u think UK refuses to apologize for palestinians? Tell me about ur book message What is ur messages to ur.. Balfour Declaration definition: the statement made by Arthur Balfour in 1917 of British support for the setting up of a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples
The change of government in Britain and the worsening military situation induced the British authorities to respond more strongly to Zionist demands. The Allies hoped that, through a declaration recognizing the justice of Zionist aspirations, they would influence Jewish public opinion in the United States to aid them in their efforts to persuade the United States to join the war effort. Furthermore, it became known that the German authorities were also contemplating the possibility of publishing a declaration expressing sympathy for Zionist aspirations. For all of these reasons, contact was established at the end of January 1917 between the Zionists and the British Foreign Office in order to define political objectives after the war. At the same time, Sokolow was contemplating negotiations with the French government, and even receiving considerable concessions.On this understanding the Arabs established a military force under the command of Hussein's son Faisal which fought, with inspiration from Lawrence of Arabia, against the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt. After the war Arabs did get their independence from the Ottomans and the countries of Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Saudi Arabia were established. The Balfour Declaration is important because it recognizes the historical bond of the Jewish People to the Holy Land, a bond which existed long before the declaration. - Dore Gold The Balfour Declaration (dated 2 November 1917) was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland ‘His Majesty’s Government views with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.’
noun balfour declaration a declaration by the British government (Nov., 1917) favoring the establishment in Palestine of a Jewish national home 3 The Balfour Declaration was actually drafted by Lord Alfred Milner, but had to be issued in the name of the Foreign Secretary. The original document is kept at the British Library . P R Kumaraswamy. Swarajya, November 02, 2017, 2:21 pm. Undoubtedly, the Balfour Declaration sowed the seeds of the political trajectory of Jewish Upon the start of the mandate, the British began to facilitate the immigration of European Jews to Palestine. Between 1922 and 1935, the Jewish population rose from nine percent to nearly 27 percent of the total population.
In a meeting with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann in 1922, however, Arthur Balfour and then-Prime Minister David Lloyd George reportedly said the Balfour Declaration "always meant an eventual Jewish state".Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The declaration came in a letter that British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour sent to Lord Rothschild [Lionel Walter Rothschild, the honorary president of the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland at the time] on 2 November 1917. The letter, to be conveyed to the British Zionist Federation, stated that the British government “views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people and would use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object.”Described as a 'scrap of paper' that changed history, the Balfour Declaration led to the creation of the modern State of Israel as a land to which all Jews could return, if they wish. The Declaration was a letter dated November 2, 1917, from Arthur James Balfour (1848–1930), British secretary of state for foreign affairs, formerly prime minister (1902–1905), to Lord Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation, a private Zionist organization committed to the creation of a Jewish homeland in Israel. The letter stated the position, agreed to at a British cabinet meeting on October 31, 1917, that the British government supported Zionist plans for a Jewish "national home" in Palestine, with the condition that nothing should be done that might prejudice the rights of existing communities there. This was a reference to the Arab population, mainly Muslim, although it included Christians too. The implications of this inherent contradiction took some time to became clear.
In response to growing criticism arising from the mutually irreconcilable commitments undertaken by the United Kingdom in the McMahon-Hussein correspondence, the Sykes-Picot Agreement and the Balfour declaration, the Churchill White Paper, 1922 stated that At around the same time, the British began seizing parts of Palestine and, by the end of WWI in 1918, had become the effective rulers of that part of the Middle East. This status quo was formalized in 1920 by the newly formed League of Nations, which granted Britain a mandate over Palestine. EN English dictionary: Balfour Declaration. Balfour Declaration has 11 translations in 11 languages The Balfour Declaration was the first major political triumph of Zionism and the culmination of The declaration came in a letter that British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour sent to Lord.. The Balfour Declaration: 100 years on from history's most catastrophic fudge. As we near the hundredth anniversary of the Balfour declaration, historian Bernard Regan relates the story of this..
A May 1917 letter from Jules Cambon, a French diplomat, to Nahum Sokolow, a Polish Zionist, expressed the sympathetic views of the French government towards "Jewish colonisation in Palestine". Foreign Office November 2nd, 1917. Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet
However, the other important source for insight into Palestinian opinion on the declaration - the press - was closed down by the Ottomans at the start of the war in 1914 and only began to reappear in 1919, but under British military censorship.The Balfour Declaration ("Balfour's promise" in Arabic) was a public pledge by Britain in 1917 declaring its aim to establish "a national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine. The statement came in the form of a letter from Britain's then-foreign secretary, Arthur Balfour, addressed to Lionel Walter Rothschild, a figurehead of the British Jewish community. It was made during World War I (1914-1918) and was included in the terms of the British Mandate for Palestine after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The Balfour Declaration was the first public political recognition of aims for a Zionist state by a great power, and laid the groundwork for the establishment of Israel over 30 years later
Some regard the Balfour Declaration as providential, enabling the return of the Jews to Israel and eventually the unfolding of biblical prophecy. However, no clarity evolved on how a Jewish homeland might be established, or on how the rights of Arabs might be protected. Although the United Nations in 1947 drew up plans for two states, no mechanism for establishing these was created. Lack of clarity on how a viable two-state reality could be achieved continues to characterize international involvement in efforts to end the conflict between Israel and the Palestinian people. The Balfour Declaration was the Jewish charter that Herzl failed to obtain from the Ottoman Sultan twenty years earlier. The terms of the declaration were included in the preamble of the Palestine.. During World War I, Great Britain needed help. Since Germany (Britain's enemy during WWI) had cornered the production of acetone—an important ingredient for arms production—Great Britain may have lost the war if Chaim Weizmann had not invented a fermentation process that allowed the British to manufacture their own liquid acetone.
This agreement is seen by many as conflicting with the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence of 1915–1916. The conflicting agreements are the result of changing progress during the war, switching in the earlier correspondence from needing Arab help to subsequently trying to enlist the help of Jews in the United States in getting the US to join the First World War. There were also large Jewish populations in Germany and other European countries whose support the British also wanted to win. Despite some opposition within the War Cabinet predicting that such an outcome was probable, the British government still chose to issue the declaration. The First World War stunned the World Zionist Organization and confronted it with numerous problems. When it became clear that Russia was allied with the Entente Powers of Britain and France, many Jews anticipated a change in Russia’s anti-Jewish policy. But they were harshly disappointed, however, in the first months of the war, when Jews were expelled from the front-line areas, seized as hostages and even attacked in pogroms. This disappointment only reinforced the belief of many other Jews, particularly in the United States, who from the first had supported the Central Powers of Germany and Austro-Hungary (which were later joined by Turkey). But even these Jews could not disregard the basic fact that one-half of the Jewish people resided in Russia, the most important center of Jewish life, and that the fate of this country could decide the destiny of its Jews. Power Point presentation on the Balfour Declaration, its history, legality, relevance to today, consisting of colourful, balanced slides which give both sides of the story, and include maps.. One of the main Jewish figures who negotiated the granting of the declaration was Chaim Weizmann, the leading spokesman for organized Zionism in Britain. He was born in Russia but went to England as professor of chemistry at Manchester University in 1904. There he met Arthur Balfour who was a Member of Parliament for Manchester. He was also introduced to Winston Churchill and Lloyd George. Together with the Liberal MP Herbert Samuel he started a campaign to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Weizmann helped Lord Rothschild to draw up a draft declaration. It originally contained three important elements: The whole of Palestine was to be the national home of the Jews; there was to be unrestricted Jewish immigration; and the Jews would be allowed to govern themselves. The draft would have been agreed by the British cabinet except that Edwin Montagu, an anti-Zionist Jew and Secretary for India, objected and insisted that the rights of the Arabs be protected. So the declaration was published without these three elements.
A committee established by the British in 1939 to clarify the various arguments did not come to a firm conclusion in either direction. Earlier drafts of the document used the phrase "the reconstitution of Palestine as a Jewish State", but that was later changed.
Joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education. The European process, thanks to the extraordinary achievements of the last few years, has become an increasingly concrete and relevant.. The Balfour Declaration is the letter of November 2, 1917 from British Foreign Secretary Arthur Over a hundred years later, the Balfour Declaration continues to represent the first international.. Erik Sass is covering the events of the war exactly 100 years after they happened. This is the 292nd installment in the series. October 31-November 2, 1917: British Victory at Gaza and the Balfour..
The British, therefore, needed to defeat the Ottomans with the support of the Arabs while at the same time keeping a foothold in Palestine, through the creation of a pro-British Jewish homeland, as envisaged by Samuel, Milner and Amery. Both these aims contravened the promises made to the Arabs. This did not deter the British from their support for the Zionist cause, however. In his letter of 2 November 1917 to Rothschild, Balfour wrote:In November 1919, when the al-Istiqlal al-Arabi (Arab independence) newspaper, based in Damascus, was reopened, one article said in response to a public speech by Herbert Samuel, a Jewish cabinet minister, in London on the second anniversary of the Balfour Declaration: "Our country is Arab, Palestine is Arab, and Palestine must remain Arab." Balfour declaration definition, a statement, issued by the British government on November 2, 1917, favoring the establishment in Palestine of a British Dictionary definitions for balfour declaration This Balfour Declaration promised to support the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, so long as that did not prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing..
British recognition of Canadian independence arguably came in the 1926 Balfour Declaration (not the 1917 one) or in 1928 when it appointed a High Commissioner as the equivalent of an ambassador.. The Balfour Declaration was a letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord The Balfour Declaration was a historic statement and one that the UK Government will not be..
The so-called mandate system, set up by the Allied powers, was a thinly veiled form of colonialism and occupation.The British also promised the French, in a separate treaty known as 1916 Sykes-Picot agreement, that the majority of Palestine would be under international administration, while the rest of the region would be split between the two colonial powers after the war.Though the Balfour Declaration went through several drafts, the final version was issued on November 2, 1917, in a letter from Balfour to Lord Rothschild, president of the British Zionist Federation. The main body of the letter quoted the decision of the October 31, 1917, British Cabinet meeting.In essence, the Balfour Declaration promised Jews a land where the natives made up more than 90 percent of the population.The Balfour Declaration, issued through the continued efforts of Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow, Zionist leaders in London, fell short of the expectations of the Zionists, who had asked for the reconstitution of Palestine as “the” Jewish national home. The declaration specifically stipulated that “nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine.” The document, however, said nothing of the political or national rights of these communities and did not refer to them by name. Nevertheless, the declaration aroused enthusiastic hopes among Zionists and seemed the fulfillment of the aims of the World Zionist Organization (see Zionism).
Balfour Declaration definition: a declaration by the British government (Nov., 1917) favoring the establishment in Palestine of a Jewish national home.. The Balfour Declaration of 1917 was a typed letter of 2nd November 1917, signed by UK Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour, to Walter Rothschild (2nd Baron Rothschild) for onward transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland (chaired by Chaim Weizmann, friend of Arthur Balfour) Balfour declaration Translation. Available on the following languages: English Arabic Spanish Dutch Portuguese Turkish Italian French German Japanese Hebrew Swedish Other languages Foreign Office, November 2nd, 1917. Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country". I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely, Arthur James Balfour
Note: This article was published in 2017 marking the centennial anniversary and has been updated accordingly The Balfour Declaration, the pivotal, 67-word assurance by the British foreign secretary that promised support for the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.. He started with the Ottoman Sultan Abd al-Hamid, but the sultan refused to help. Herzl then approached the German government, which also declined. The British government offered Herzl a location in East Africa. However, the leaders of the Zionist movement insisted that only Palestine would be considered for a ‘Jewish national home‘.The Balfour Declaration was the first major political triumph of Zionism and the culmination of Jewish independent political activity until that time. The Balfour Declaration was a November 2, 1917 letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild that made public the British support of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
As part of this search for allies British officials in Egypt, had been corresponding with the Sharif of Makkah, Hussein bin Ali. Britain wanted the Arabs to rebel against the Ottoman Empire so as to weaken it by tying up troops who would otherwise be deployed against the Allies. Sir Henry McMahon (1862–1949), British High Commissioner in Egypt led the negotiations with the Sharif. Hussein aspired to an Arab state, stretching from Syria to Yemen. In an exchange of letters (the McMahon-Hussein Correspondence) McMahon promised on October, 24 1915 that Britain would support Arab independence except in the following areas: БА́ЛЬФУР (Balfour) Артур Джеймс, граф Бальфур Уиттинхемский (25.7.1848, Уиттинхем, графство Ист-Лотиан, Шотландия - 19.3.1930, Фишерс-Холл, близ Уокинга, графство Суррей.. it is not the case, as has been represented by the Arab Delegation, that during the war His Majesty's Government gave an undertaking that an independent national government should be at once established in Palestine. This representation mainly rests upon a letter dated the 24th October, 1915, from Sir Henry McMahon, then His Majesty's High Commissioner in Egypt, to the Sharif of Mecca, now King Hussein of the Kingdom of the Hejaz. That letter is quoted as conveying the promise to the Sherif of Mecca to recognise and support the independence of the Arabs within the territories proposed by him. But this promise was given subject to a reservation made in the same letter, which excluded from its scope, among other territories, the portions of Syria lying to the west of the District of Damascus. This reservation has always been regarded by His Majesty's Government as covering the vilayet of Beirut and the independent Sanjak of Jerusalem. The whole of Palestine west of the Jordan was thus excluded from Sir Henry McMahon's pledge.
These Two Drafts Show How the Balfour Declaration Evolved. The final text of the Balfour Declaration, issued by Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild on behalf of the.. Next Article What Was the Balfour Declaration and How Has It Shaped Middle Eastern Politics
While some argue that many in the British government at the time were Zionists themselves, others say the declaration was issued out of an anti-Semitic reasoning, that giving Palestine to the Jews would be a solution to the "Jewish problem". The Balfour Declaration which lead to the creation of Palestine - Israel conflict. - The Balfour Declaration said that UK would use their best endeavour to facilitate the establishme.. While it is difficult to imply that the developments in Palestine today can be traced back to the Balfour Declaration, there is no doubt that the British Mandate created the conditions for the Jewish minority to gain superiority in Palestine and build a state for themselves at the expense of the Palestinian Arabs. Connaître vos droits selon votre situation. S'informer sur les aides
Flying in the face of the long-standing US bipartisan policy of rejecting the so-called 1967 borders, there is increasing concern that President Obama's parting shot at Israel might be to either endorse such a.. ↑ Balfour Declaration 1917 (англ.). ↑ Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (англ.). МИД Израиля
The declaration, described as a 'scrap of paper' that changed history, is a typed letter signed in ink by Balfour. It reads as follows: The Balfour Declaration, which is turning 100 this year, was a statement published by the British government on November 9, 1917, during World War I.. The Balfour Declaration was a letter dated 2 November 1917 from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland
The Balfour Declaration was a product of years of careful negotiation. After centuries of living in a diaspora, the 1894 Dreyfus Affair in France shocked Jews into realizing they would not be safe from arbitrary antisemitism unless they had their own country.The use of the vague term "national home" for the Jewish people, as opposed to "state", left the meaning open to interpretation.The Declaration was produced during the First World War when Britain was at war with the Ottoman Empire. It was not at all clear which side would win and Britain was searching for any allies which could help to weaken Germany and the Ottomans. The Ottoman Empire included the whole of the Middle East. The Balfour Declaration was also in contradiction to the Covenant of the League of Nations, especially the articles about self-determination and, in particular, paragraph 4 of Article 22, which states tha